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Dr. Mark Ku

MIT (Boston, USA)

Monday, July 30th, 2012 at 11:00:00 AM  

Conference room Querzoli - LENS - via Nello Carrara 1 - Sesto Fiorentino (Florence)

Published on-line at 09:32:57 AM on Thursday, July 26th, 2012

Thermodynamics of Strongly Interacting Fermi Gases

Superfluid phase transition in strongly interacting spin-balanced atomic Fermi gases.

We have observed the superfluid phase transition in a strongly interacting Fermi gas via high-precision measurements of the local compressibility, density and pressure down to near-zero entropy. We perform the measurements by in-situ imaging of ultracold 6Li at a Feshbach resonance. Our data completely determine the universal thermodynamics of strongly interacting fermions without any fit or external thermometer.

The onset of superfluidity is observed in the compressibility, the chemical potential, the entropy, and the heat capacity. In particular, the heat capacity displays a characteristic lambda-like feature at the critical temperature of Tc / TF = 0.167(13). This is the first direct thermodynamic signature of the superfluid transition in a spin-balanced atomic Fermi gas. We measure the ground-state energy of the superfluid to be 3/5 ξ NEF, with ξ = 0.376(4). The experimental results are compared to recent Monte-Carlo calculations.

Our measurements provide a benchmark for many-body theories on strongly interacting fermions, relevant for problems ranging from high-temperature superconductivity to the equation of state of neutron stars.

For further informations, please contact Dr. Giacomo Roati.